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Monthly Archives: November 2014

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Critics on Sunday accused Egypt’s courts of taking sides after the dropping of a murder charge against ex-president Hosni Mubarak, with experts and activists saying the country’s hopes for democracy were being dashed.

A Cairo court on Saturday dismissed the charge against 86-year-old Mubarak over the deaths of protesters during Egypt’s 2011 Arab Spring uprising.

Mubarak, who ruled Egypt for three decades until being driven from office, remains imprisoned in a military hospital in a separate graft case, but his lawyer Farid al-Deeb told AFP he could see early release after serving two-thirds of a three-year sentence.

The ruling came amid a crackdown by President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi against both Islamist and secular opponents, wit hundreds sentenced to prison after mass trials.

“The verdict further reinforces concerns about the alarmingly selective justice system in Egypt, which appears more intent on settling political scores and punishing dissent than establishing justice,” said the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR), a leading rights group.

Sisi, who led the overthrow of the elected Islamist president Mohamed Morsi in July 2013, has been accused of instituting a regime even more authoritarian than Mubarak’s — stifling dissent and counting on the support of a public exhausted by years of instability.

Experts said the judiciary, which includes many judges hostile to Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood, has become one of the government’s main instruments of quashing dissent.

 ‘People are tired’ 

A court on Wednesday sentenced 78 teenage boys to between two and five years in prison for joining the blacklisted Muslim Brotherhood’s rallies demanding Morsi’s return.

“All of this proves that the justice system is in need of reform,” human rights lawyer Gamal Eid said.

On Sunday, a court sentenced 21 Islamists standing trial with Morsi over alleged violence during the 2011 revolt to three years in prison for chanting during a session. Morsi himself was spared.

Since the army ousted Morsi in July 2013, the government has launched a bloody crackdown against his supporters, leaving at least 1,400 dead and more than 15,000 jailed.

For Paris-based Middle East expert Karim Bitar, the Mubarak ruling was a “judicial farce” that shows the regime “is not even bothering to worry about appearances”.

The ruling enraged Mubarak’s opponents, with about 1,000 people taking to a central Cairo square to denounce the government.

Police used tear gas to disperse the protesters, prompting clashes that left two people dead and 14 wounded.

But the decision was largely greeted with indifference in Egypt, where only a few years ago hundreds of thousands rallied daily to demand Mubarak step down.

“After three years of instability and unrest, people are tired, the subject (of Mubarak’s verdict) doesn’t worry them, what they want is the stability that the current regime can offer,” said Ashraf el-Sherif, a political analyst at the American University in Cairo.

For some critics, the ruling has cemented suspicions that Sisi, Mubarak’s former army intelligence chief, is a direct descendant of the former regime.

“This verdict confirms that Mr Sisi is part of Mr Mubarak’s regime,” said Amr Ali, a leader of the April 6 movement that spearheaded the 2011 revolution but was earlier this year banned by the government.

Secular and leftwing activists have not been spared in Sisi’s crackdown, with dozens jailed for violating a contentious law limiting the right to protest.

Ali said that for activists like himself, the message from the ruling was clear: “Your dream is over and there is nothing you can do about it because the tanks are everywhere and the military controls the country.”

The government itself denies any involvement in court rulings, and in some instances has expressed embarrassment at some of the more outlandish verdicts.

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University students from all over Egypt turned out on Sunday to protest against the acquittal of all charges facing ousted president Hosni Mubarak.
Students waved banners of martyrs, called for retribution and chanted that the revolution will continue.
 
According to the media the security forces stormed the campus dispersing the protest and closed the university door close to the metro station.
 
In Alexandria University, Falcon security forces clashed with students protesting against the acquittal claiming that they were using fireworks in the demonstration.
 
The students demanded justice for those killed in the revolution and chanted with “we won’t give up our son’s right” and “they killed our brothers and sisters and then were acquitted.”
 
In Minya University, security forces arrested nine protesting students against Mubark’s acquittal.
 
Meanwhile, students at Ain Shams University organized a protest they entitled “Back but to Hell.” The protest launched from faculty of engineering and then the students marched across the campus raising photos of martyrs and chanting “Down with Hosni Mubarak,” “The Interior Ministry are thugs” and “Down with the regime of tanks.”
 
The media reported that security personnel arrested six students that were protesting against the acquittal. The students repeated slogans against military and security forces.
 
Moreover, massive protests took place at private universities as students at 10th of Ramadan Technology Institute, Misr University for Science and Technology and Shorouk Academy launched a massive march protesting against Mubarak’s acquittal demanding for retribution for martyrs.
 
On Saturday morning, the Cairo Criminal Court’s Mubarak, his former Interior Minister Habib al-Adly and his six aides of all charges in connection with the killing of protesters during the January 2011 revolution.
 
By Saturday evening, dozens of protesters massed in Abdel Moniem Riyad square. Two were killed and at least 85 were detained, including four journalists, during the dispersal of the demonstration, carried out by security services using tear gas.

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A leading German pilots’ union has called a fresh walkout at Lufthansa starting Monday in an ongoing dispute with the airline over retirement benefits.

The strike will target short- and medium-haul flights across Germany from midday (1100 GMT) Monday until just before midnight (2300 GMT) Tuesday when long-haul services will also be affected, the Vereinigung Cockpit union said in a statement

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